Over the years we have seen a dramatic rise in technological changes and this is only going to get bigger. However, as they say every side has two coins. While it has no doubt, led to a rise in the scientific knowledge it has also led to a rise in cyber crimes. They are becoming more and more massive and stronger and posing a dangerous threat to people, various organizations, and companies.
This meteoric advancement in technology has been a breeding ground for a lot of cyber-crimes. There is an alarming increase in the rate of crimes some of which are very serious.
So what exactly is cyber security?
Cyber Security is the process of protecting computers, data and various kinds of programs from illegitimate access or attacks which are done with an aim of exploitation or misuse.
We take a look at how technology has affected cyber security-
- Security Breaches – These types of crimes occur when the intruder tries to take advantage of employees using various types of scams. With the rise in technology and information available at the click of a finger, it is becoming easier for cyber criminals to gain access and use it to defame and misuse important data. Hackers do this is by scams and finding loopholes in corporate security systems.
- Social Media Breaches – These are one of the most common and easily accessible breaches. With social media becoming a by-default part of our lives it is becoming child’s play for intruders to find out your personal information and use it for unfair means. Some of the examples are password stealing, hacking, bulk messages, fraudulent reviews and stealing of bank account information. They also involve social spam. It can occur on any website or social media network.
- Digitization – Today companies worldwide are increasingly using cloud computing. Not only it saves time but also your money and resources. The process involves storing important data and at times very confidential information. Cloud Computing is an extremely methodical and profitable way of getting work done for the organizations. But very easy for hackers to gain information through the very process of cloud computing.
- Botnets – They were used in earlier stages of technological advancement. The process involved setting up a number of computers to forward information such as spams and messages. However now with the emergence of technology hackers are sparing no effort in taking this one step ahead and using botnets to collect more sensitive data such as name, address, financial information, other online activity.
- Malware – Hackers use malware to directly attack your computer to find out data. It consists of viruses, Trojan horses, and computer worms. The typical ways in which malware affect your computers are where you open an email attachment. It can also occur by downloading infected files during file sharing. Also always look for HTTPS protocol in your browser bar and not the only HTTP. Here the S stands for secure.
- Spammers – Spams are malicious bulk messages which are sent through email, instant messaging or other communication tools. They are normally used by advertisers since there are almost zero operational a costs involved.
- Spear Phishing – It is more serious than normal phishing emails. Regular phishing emails normally target random people but spear phishing involves accessing information for monetary gains, finding out business relevant information. Due to the advanced technology, there are even different ways to prevent from Phishing attack.
- Identity Thefts – Identity spoofing is also a matter of great concern in which the victim is bluffed. This happens normally on social networking sites.It may involve more deep crimes such as meddling with the IP address or stealing credit card information.
- MIM Attacks – It stands for Man-in-the-Middle attack. It is a kind of an ambush in which the intruder secretly impedes messages or data between two people or groups in conversation with each other. It is a highly dangerous form of attack; you can literally say it is kind of keeping tabs on your each and every word of communication. E.g.-online banking and e-commerce websites are common examples.
- Smart Grids and Meters – With the huge leap of technology and state-of-the-art electronic meters, consumers benefit from the proper usage of electricity. It also ensures proper distribution of electricity. However, not everything is as rosy as it seems. Information theft is very easily possible and cyber criminals will easily find ways to crack smart grids and steal the information.
- Cyber-crime is turning into a matter of grave concern since it spares no one right from students, working professionals, senior citizens, and organizations as everyone today uses the internet for one’s own work.
So what is the solution for this?
We obviously cannot give in to these cyber criminals since technology will keep on advancing with each passing day. While the common solutions include staying alerted at all times you should also educate yourself with basic knowledge of not letting spam message erode your computer.
What can organizations do?
Prevention-Taking up fundamental measures and provide adequate training to the staff. Companies should also install SSL certificate on its web’s server which helps set up a secure connection with the browser.
What can individuals do?
Visit only trusted websites, learn the art of identifying email spams, and never reply to spam messages, verify any request for personal information online.Never click on suspicious links.