With ongoing penetration of technology and Internet playing a key role in providing an interface, the need for technological talent has been on the rise. Here are 12 technologies that are being used by almost everyone from Fortune 500 companies to startups, learning those can surely give you a head-start in your career. These are the language of expression that might satisfy your inner desire for doing any innovation in the world. Check out the list below and please don’t mind the order but do give your feedback in the comments.
What does it do: Client-server web applications
Current Demand: As of 2015, there are 9 million java developers.
Current Application: One can develop core Java based server side application, J2EE web and enterprise applications, and can even go for Android based mobile application development. Java is hugely rich in APIs and provides API for I/O, networking, utilities, XML parsing, database connection, and almost everything
Companies Using: LinkedIn, Amazon, Facebook( HBase, a java based Nosql DB), EBay, Google plus, Gtalk are powered by Java.
Online Community: A huge online community from javaworld.com, oracle.com, javacodegeeks.com and many other popular sites.
Launched: January, 1994
What does it do: A very useful tool for web crawler development and data analysis.
Current Demand: The graph below demonstrates the growing demand for Python developers in the industry.
It works on Microsoft Windows, Mac OS X, Linux, and many other operating systems and devices. It’s even possible to have Python as a service. Python has the fastest growing fan base in past 10 years and has obviously increased in demand.
Current Application: Besides crawler development and data analysis, Python is also used for small-form devices, such as the Raspberry Pi. It even runs on microcontrollers — small, low-powered chips designed to run within embedded devices, appliances, remote controls and toys.
Companies Using: Google, Facebook, YouTube, Yahoo Maps, Yahoo Groups, Bing, Reddit, Dropbox.
Community: Python has also a diverse community support including python.org.
Launched :September 2008
What does it do: Android is a mobile operating system (OS) based on the Linux kernel and currently developed by Google.
Current Demand: As of May 2015, there were total 1.5 million android apps available with over 25 billion downloads.
Current Application: Android software development is the process by which new applications are created for the Android operating system. Applications are usually developed in Java programming language using the Android software development kit (SDK), but other development environments are also available. Android is simply an open source Operating System (OS) staked by Google, developed to run on any small electronic devices such as cell phones, tablets, e-books, netbooks, Media Internet Devices (MID).
Companies Developing Android : Android’s hardware is developed by many different companies from all over the world with famous brand name such as Samsung, Motorola, Sony, Dell, LG, HTC, Acer, etc.
Community: Android has a giant size community in the form of developers.android.com, androidcommunity.com.
Launched : June 29, 2007
What does it do: iOS (originally iPhone OS) is a mobile operating system created and developed by Apple Inc. and distributed exclusively for Apple hardware. It is the operating system that presently powers many of the company’s mobile devices, including the iPhone, iPad, and iPod touch.
Current Demand: The demand for iOS developer is rapidly increasing owing to huge opportunities in eLearning, social networking, warehouse management, order fulfillment, orthodontia, accounting, consumer analytics, gaming, and image, data and video analysis.
Current Application: iOS has broad range of applications in the form of iPhone, iPad, Mac, and Apple Watch.
Companies involved : Apple
Community : iOS has also major community support in the form of discussions.apple.com, enterpriseios.com.
What does it do: Node.js is an open source, cross-platform run-time environment for server-side and networking applications.
Current Demand: AS of now, there are tens of thousands of job requirements for Node.js . The demand for node JS is increasing very fast especially in the last five years.
Companies involved: LinkedIn , PayPal, Netflix, New York Times
Community Support: Node Js has a healthy online community support from Github and other famous sites like stackoverflow.
What does it do: It provides a framework for client-side model–view–controller (MVC) and model-view-viewmodel (MVVM) architectures, along with components commonly used in rich Internet applications.
Current Demand: Angular JS is one of the highly demanded technologies as per the market. There has been a sharp rise in its demand in the last two years.
Companies involved : Google, Virgin America, HBO, Nike, General Motors, Sony in PS3 youtube app
Community Support: Angular JS has very rich community support.
What does it do: It is a general purpose document database.
Current Demand: The graph below shows the rising demands for MongoDB.
Current Application: It has a vast range of applicability in Big Data, Product and Assets Catalog, Internet of Things, Database-as-a-service, Mobile apps, Customer Data Management, Data hub and Content Management etc.
Companies Involved : LinkedIn uses MongoDB as their backend DB, eBay uses MongoDB in the search suggestion and the internal Cloud Manager State Hub. Craigslist, Foursquare, SourceForge, Viacom, and The New York Times also take support from MongoDB.
Online Community : There is a healthy community support for MongoDB from mongodb.com and other sites.
What does it do: It is a free, server-side scripting language designed for dynamic websites and app development. It is also used as a general-purpose programming language.
Current Demand: As of January 2013, PHP was installed on more than 240 million websites and 2.1 million web servers.
Current Application: It supports all major webservers like apache, Microsoft IIS, Netscape, personal web server, iPlanet server, etc. and major databases like including MySQL, dBase, IBM DB2, InterBase, FrontBase, ODBC, PostgreSQL, SQLite, etc. It can be directly embedded into an HTML source document rather than an external file, which has made it a popular programming language for web developers.
Companies involved: It is being used to power more than 200 million websites, including WordPress, Digg, Facebook and Yahoo etc.
Online Community: Php has a very large community support from phpbuilder.com, php.net, zend.com.
Launched: December 10, 2011
What does it do: It is a cross- platform, open source software framework written in Java, mainly designed for distributed storage and distributed processing and procurement of very large data sets.
Current Demand: The increasing demand for hadoop can be seen through the following graph from indeed.com.
Current Application: It is a batch- oriented system; its typical usage patterns involve scheduled jobs processing new incoming data on a fixed, temporal basis. One of the most unique features of Hadoop is its data locality. Hadoop is proving out to be key component for the next-generation data architecture, with its massive scalable distributed storage and processing platform. Hadoop has reduced the cost of data analysis and innovation. Thus, running Hadoop clouds can solve the problem of time consuming migration from source to analytics clusters.
Companies Involved: Adobe, Alibaba, Facebook, Yahoo, and Twitter has been using features of Hadoop.
Online Community: Hadoop has a fine community support from mapr.com, cloudera.com, hadoop.apache.org, edureka.co.
What does it do: The R language is the cutting edge programming language for data science. It is widely being used for statistical computing and graphics. It is an interpreted language; users typically access it through a command-line interpreter.
Current Demand: The demand for R has been constant in the previous years with a minor rises and down. However, it witnessed a major rise in demand last year.
Current Application: It gives business the latest data analysis tools. Like Cloudera is to Hadoop and RedHat is to Linux and, Revolution Analytics is to the R language in the commercial world. Many quantitative analysts and data scientists including those at Facebook in finance use R as their main programming tool. Once you get the hang of it, it’s good for everything from data import and cleaning, exploration and visualization, doing statistics and analyses, all the way up to trading simulations and production trading applications, depending on what style of strategy you’re working on.
Companies Involved: Oracle, IBM, JMP, Mathematica, MATLAB,Spotfire, SPSS, STATISTICA, Platform Symphony, SAS, and Tableau.
Online Community: R has many major online communities support from revolutionanalytics.com, r-bloggers.com. inside-r.com, stackoverflow.com etc.
Launched: 7 April, 2005
What does it do: Git is a source code management system, which allows a team of people using same files to work together. In case, multiple people are editing the same file, Git helps in sorting out any confusion at site.
Current Demand: From the graph given below, it is quite clear that there has been a huge upsurge in the demand for Git in the recent years.
Current Application: Git is a lightning fast control system, where you can work offline in your own way, even when you are on a move. It has a great support for distributed and non- linear work-flows. One need not be a code acrobat to learn Git. Git facilitates an “Undo” system for almost every kind of mistakes, one can commit. For working on large projects, Git proves out to be quite efficient.
Companies Involved: Facebook, Yahoo, Zinga, Quora, Twitter, Salesforce, Google, Amazon etc
Online Community: Git also has a very vast community support from git-scm.com, visualstudio.com etc
What does it do: It is a programming language for general software applications. It allows programs to be very concise and thus smaller in size than other general-purpose programming languages.
Current Demand: There has been a sharp rise in the demand for scala in the last 5 years.
Current Application: Scala has a lot of good libraries that allows it to deal with Real World “TM” problems very well. Scala is typically used in backend services in both a safe, fast and practical manner. The hybird nature of Scala’s OO and functional programming lets you usually structure code the way you wish it to be structured, which matters when dealing with different problems in different domains.
Companies Involved: LinkedIn, Twitter, Foursquare, Netflix, Tumblr, The Guardian, Precog, Sony.
To err is human: If we have missed something critical or you are not happy with any of the information mentioned above, feel free to add your comment below or mail firstname.lastname@example.org. Your input is relevant to us and other readers.
We @iamwire are immensely inspired by the way technology has changed the face of our lives. Given this fact, we are on a lookout for passionate innovators who are willing to leave a mark in the world with their talent. Hence, people who can work on Python, MongoDB, Angluar.JS, Git, Android, iOS, Linux platforms are cordially invited to join our efforts in catalyzing innovation. To share interest in becoming a part of our team, write to us on email@example.com